Glossary

Glossary of Hindi words translated to their closest meaning in English in context with the Spiritual Philosophy being explained in this blog.

akarta

one who does nothing

anand 

Divine Bliss

apmaan

feelings of disrespect and insult

asanima

power of God

asatya

untruth

ashram

the residential place of a Saint and His disciple devotes whose prime aim of life is only God realization, and also a place where a seeker of God’s love receives devotional guidance.

atma

soul

avatar

the descension of God or Divine personality on the earth planet.

balihar 

deep, adoring admiration in reverence, fascination, felicity or heart-capturing delight

batloi 

a traditional cooking pot

bhagwatpraneet 

expositions of God

bhakt

the person doing bhakti is called bhakt

bhakti

the selfless loving feelings of a devotee’s heart for his beloved God where all of his personal requisites are merged into his Divine beloved’s overwhelming Grace which He imparts for His loving devotee

bhagwan

God

bhao

emotional feelings of love and longing of a selfless devotee for a personal form of God, deep affinity for God

bhog yoni  

refers to the class in which souls only reap the fruits of their past good and bad actions

chhappan vyanjan 

Fifty- six varieties of food

charanamrit

darshan 

a Holy vision or, Divine vision

daya

compassion

dharm

in general dharm means the religious discipline for the four orders of life. It is called samanya dharm (ordinary or, general). Maintaining celibacy and studying is called brahmacharya. Family life is called Grihstha. A devout and renounced life (but living with spouse) is  vanaprasth, and total renunciation for God realization is called sanyas.

dhata 

parent 

dhatura

intoxicant

dhyan

meditation

garima

power of God

Golok

the abode of Radha Krishn

Govardhan

the Govardhan Hill where Krishn used to graze the cows. It is the sacred hill of Braj

Gopi

the maidens of Braj during the descension period of Radha Krishn

Grace

Grace is the personal power of God which is synonymous to His blissful personality. Thus, Grace itself is Divine Bliss.

gun

the three characteristics or qualities of the illusive energy of maya which is manifested in the form of the universe. They are sattvagun, tamogun and rajogun.

gunateet 

one who is beyond the three mayic qualities

Guru

the spiritual master

Gwalbal

A playmate of Krishn

Gyani, gyan, gyan marg

the followers of impersonal aspect of God are called gyani, and their impersonal concept and understanding is called gyan. Marg  means ‘the path’.

Jagadguru

A Divine personality who specially descends on the earth planet with the will of God, writes the explanations of the Brahma Sutra, the Gita and the Upanishads, and establishes his religion and math.

jeev

soul

karm, karmas

the good and bad actions of the person. They are all stored in the section of the mind. They become the cause of the next incarnation.

Karm yog

when bhakti is predominantly added to the sattvic good karmas, it is then called the karm yog

karm yoni

refers to the class in which souls have the power to do actions

kal

the eternal ‘time’ energy (along with other forces) which keeps the universe running continuously

kaliyug

the age of materialism, which is the existing one

kriyaman

the actions of one’s present life

kusang  

bad association

laghima

power of God

leelas

the Divine actions of any kind. The pastimes, sports, plays, and all the actions of Radha Krishn (along with the Brajwasis) oe any other personal form of God are called leelas.

Lok

the abode of personal form of God

maan 

desire for fame and honor 

madaar 

intoxicant

maharas

It is the very special leela that happenend in Vrindaban in Braj. On that particular night, Radha, Krishn and all the Gopis sang, danced and played together in an extremely elevated Divine state which is only seen in Divine Vrindaban.

mata 

mother  

material

that which is not ‘Divine’ (the whole physical and subtle cosmos is material)

maya

Maya  is an eternally existing, mindless, lifeless and delusive power of God that appears and multiplies in the form of the universe. It has three qualities: sattvagun (pious), rajogun (normal, selfish or mixture of good and bad qualities) and tamogun (evil)

mayadheen souls

those who are under the influence of maya

mayateet  souls

beyond maya

mayic

that which is related to maya and mayic manifestations

mokch or mukti

liberation from the mayic bondage of birth and death

namapradh

Spiritual transgression

nam sankirtan

the chanting of the Divine name

Nandpoot

son of Nandbaba

Nikunj leela

the leela of RadhaKrishn where only Gopis associate. Thus, all the leelas of the Divine Vrindaban are the nikunj leelas)

nirakar brahm 

impersonal God

nirvikalp samadhi

a total thoughtless state in which the mind is fully absorbed in the pious quality    of maya or in the Divine state

nishkam  seva  

 selfless service

nitya siddha

the Saint who is a Saint from eternity (the eternal associate of God)

pad

songs written by the rasik Saints describing the leelas of RadhaKrishn

parmatma

­the supreme God

prarabdh

the fate or luck of a person

pita

father

purush

the Divine personality of God

pushpakviman

divine chariot

rajas, rajogun 

selfish quality of maya, the mixture of good and bad qualities

ras, divya ras

literally ras means the Divine loving Bliss, experiencable from the Divine senses

ras, braj ras

the Bliss of Radha Krishn leelas that generally all the Brajwasis experience (His playmates, Mother Yashoda and also the Gopis)

ras, nikunj ras

the Bliss of all such leelas where Radha Krishn and only Gopis are there. Such leelas happen in nikunj, so it is called nikunj ras.

Rasik

the Divine personality who has attained the vision and love of Radha Krishn is called a rasik Saint

sadhana 

practice

sadhana bhakti

it means devotional bhakti

Saket Lok

the abode of Bhagwan Ram

sakhi

gopi, friend

samadhi 

trance

Sanatan Dharm

the eternal (sanatan) universal religion. It contains the knowledge for the spiritual well-being of all the souls. It provides the guidelines for all kinds of people of the world, which, if followed, leads them towards God realization.

Sanchit  karm

the unlimited accumulated karmas of unlimited lifetimes of a soul. They are stored in the unconscious section of the mind.

Sankirtan

chanting of the name, form, virtues and leelas of any form of God

Sanskar

a subtle imprint (record) of every thought and action (in its full character) on the mind of a person. There are uncountable sanskars (good, bad and devotional) of uncountable lifetimes of a soul and his mind, but the sanskars of a few immediate past lives hold the prominence in the existing life of a person.

Sanyas

the renounced order of life for the service of God and God realization. The one who takes this order is called sanyasi.

satsang 

the wholehearted association of the heart and mind with God and Saints

sattvagun, sattvic 

pious quality of maya

sattvic bhao

emotional feelings of love and longing for God

satya

truth

seva

service

sevya

for whom seva is done

shaiv 

worshippers of Lord Shiva

shastras

scriptures

Shyam Sundar

Shree Krishna

swarg 

celestial abode

tamas, tamogun 

impious, the evil or bad quality of maya

Tribhangi

another name of Shree Krishna

vaishnav

worshippers of Ram, Krishna or Vishnu

virah, viyog 

longing, the separation or the feeling of separation from the Divine beloved

Vrindaban

the place in Mathura district (India) where Krishn did Maharas on the Sharat Poornima night about 5,000 years ago.

yagya 

fire sacrifice

yogmaya

the most intimate impersonal power of God that gives life, liveliness, and Bliss to the entire Divine phenomena, including God Himself, is called yogmaya.

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