Who are Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva and where do they come from? What is their relation with lord krishna?
Each brahmand also has its own Brahma, Vishnu and Shiv. Thus, there are uncountable Brahmas, Vishnus and Shivas in the universe. They are representatives of the Divine government here in the material plane. In other words, they have established an embassy or branch office in every brahmand all over the universe. From their place in each brahmand, they perform their duties of creation, protection and destruction.
These uncountable descensions of the Divine power in the form of the Brahma, Vishnu and Shiv in each brahmand are all ansh of Maha Vishnu of the Divine abode (ansh means a part of, or partial manifestation of). Maha Vishnu is the creator of the entire universe. That Maha Vishnu is ansh of Shree Krishna, who resides in Golok abode.
The Bhagwatam says that Bhagwan Shree Krishna has uncountable avatar. Out of all of them, His first is called 'Pratham Purushavatar', which is the form of Maha Vishnu. He takes this form in order to initiate the creation of the universe. His second is called 'Dwiteeya Purushavatar' in which He enters into and becomes omnipresent in the universe. His third is called 'Triteeya Purushavatar', which is the Vishnu of our brahmand. It is in this form that He resides in the heart of every soul. All other avatars like Varaha avatar, Matsya avatar, etc, are the descensions of Vishnu of this brahmand, Who takes various forms necessary for the maintainance and protection of our brahmand. There are some exceptions, like when Krishna or Ram come on our earth, it is not the avatar of Vishnu of this brahmand; it is the direct descension of Bhagwan Shree Krishna of Golok abode.
One should always remember that these different forms and avatars are not less than Shree Krishna or separate from Him. They are all Shree Krishna Himself. He manifests Himself in these forms eternally. They are called His ansh because in these forms He is only manifesting a part of His power outwardly; but inwardly, there is no difference between the various forms - they are all whole, complete, Divine and eternal.
why does a Guru test people
How does hari and guru test us? How will we know it?
When things are going easily for us in the world, then there is no reason to get angry or dejected. We may think that we are very far advanced and are beyond things like anger, etc. But when we face an undesirable or frustrating situation, then we see our "true colors". In other words, the anger and negativity that was lying just under the surface manifests itself when given the required stimulus. Then we realize that these things still reside within us and we still have more work to do. It is a humbling experience that motivates us to try harder in our sadhana.
At the same time, we may realize that our negative reaction has reduced as compared with before, when given the same negative stimulus. This is a sign that we are making progress and that our heart has purified to some extent. This knowledge inspires us to keep doing more sadhana, because we see that we are moving ahead.
Thus, the difficult situations we face in a day can be seen as challenges or tests set up for us by Hari and Guru. Some may be little tests and some may be big tests, but they are all to humble us and inspire us on our path of devotion.
Shree Maharaj Ji beautifully described how to recognize a God realized saint. We often see those characters (Asht Satvik bhavs, Love for God etc.) in some preacers of Shree Maharaj Ji, considering them a God realized saints (We wish to consider them as "GURU", as we easily get their association & can take advantage of it. But Shree Maharaj Ji instructed in one of his lecture in1989, not to consider any preacher as GURU, as they all are under the bondage of maya. Now thinking against Shree Maharaj Ji’s instruction would make a naamapradh. Please suggest in what way we should see the preachers of Shree Maharaj Ji either God realized sain or as high class Sadhak.
As far as the asht sattvik bhav goes, there is a big difference between the sattvik bhav revealed by a Saint and the sattvik bhav seen in a sadhak. The Saint's sattvik bhav are true Divine expressions of the ocean of Krishna love that resides in his heart, whereas the sattvik bhav of a sadhak are the sign that he has some heart purification and has developed some feelings of love for Krishna, but he may still have a long way to go.
Swami Nikhilanand, pracharak of Jagadguru Shree Kripalu Ji Maharaj